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Tech: Be forwarned about 4G in Phuket

Legacy Phuket Gazette

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Tech: Be forwarned about 4G in Phuket | The Thaiger

PHUKET: Lest you think it’s 3G dejavu all over again, the current state of 4G in Phuket has a few interesting, new wrinkles. In many ways, the impending 4G roll out – which is already under way, at least in theory – isn’t nearly as confusing as the 3G rollout two years ago. Thank heavens!

Let’s start with the basics. While “3G” was a marketing term that could mean anything to anybody, that’s changed. Almost everywhere in the world now, “4G” has a very specific technical meaning. It uses a technology known as LTE. Depending on how you define “3G” 4G transmissions run ten to fifty times faster than 3G. That’s a very significant improvement – so significant that it’s entirely possible 4G will one day replace ADSL land lines as the internet delivery mechanism of choice, much as mobile phones replaced land phones a decade or two ago.

There’s a second technology waiting in the wings that could disrupt everything. Called “4G+” by the marketing folks and “LTE+” by techies, 4G+ doubles or triples the speeds seen in 4G. Most of the developed world is rolling out LTE just as fast as it can. Right now, 4G+ is only available in limited areas. While there’s talk of stalling the 4G roll out in Thailand until 4G+ becomes more mainstream, I don’t see it happening any time soon: There isn’t that much support for 4G+ in devices worldwide, and the technology isn’t nearly as robust (that’s a euphemism for “old”) as 4G. Besides, there’re billions and billions of baht waiting for any company that can get 4G out in the mainstream.

Right now, TrueMove offers real 4G service on the 2100 MHz channel. (2100 MHz is also called 2.1 GHz.) The “channel” is much like a television channel: Your phone or tablet or USB dongle has to support 4G/LTE at 2100 MHz, in order to be able to use the TrueMove 4G service. And that’s the crux of the problem, which I’ll discuss momentarily.

We’re going to see two huge limitations with 4G in Thailand, and before you go all-in with 4G, it would behoove you to understand both of the problems.

First, while the LTE communication protocol – the way your phone or tablet talks to the tower – may be very fast indeed, it doesn’t mean squat once the signal’s at the bottom of the tower. Parts of the US now are seeing massive collision problems with the wireless part of the 4G equation: Too many people have 4G phones, and they’re using them for all sorts of data-intensive stuff, slowing down communication between the tower and the phone. We may eventually see that problem too. But for now, the big problem in Phuket is how fast the internet connection goes from the base of the tower to wherever you’re trying to reach. In technical terms, that’s called the “backhaul bandwidth” and to date I haven’t seen much attention paid to the problem.

The phone companies can use the same equipment on towers for both 3G and 4G, give or take an upgrade or two. But if they have both 3G and 4G signals running through the same backhaul, the big constraint will start at the base
of the tower. Phuket’s never been known for excellent international data speeds. Adding 4G to the mix without increasing the international bandwidth very considerably, will have 4G customers sucking through the same tiny straw that bedevils 3G customers. As always, I’m skeptical that the phone companies will spend enough to keep those international channels running quickly.

The second big problem we’ll see with 4G in Phuket is the data caps. Right now, your “unlimited” 3G data plan isn’t unlimited at all. Depending on how much you pay, you can run 2 GB (the size of a high definition movie) to 4 GB (two movies) through your 3G connection every month. After you hit the cap, your service is throttled back to 2G levels – roughly 380 Kbps or less – until the next month’s billing cycle starts. As long as you’re playing a few YouTube videos and downloading email, you won’t hit the cap. But if you’re streaming movies, the cap’s going to get you big time.

Admittedly, Thailand doesn’t have Netflix, the movie-on-demand service that’s a huge drain on bandwidth, so we aren’t going to hit the problem as quickly as the rest of the world. But some day we’ll have access to enough streamed video that regular, everyday internet customers in Thailand will bump up against the data cap.

(How bad is Netflix? In the US, last month, the broadband service company Sandvine estimated that more than half of all peak-time download traffic in the US is from YouTube and Netflix. More than half! Netflix and YouTube
combined account for 45% of all US internet traffic, both upload and download. Absolutely astounding – and when the technology catches up in Thailand, we’ll be seeing numbers like that too.)

So, if you understand the problems – data caps and possibly slow service – and you still want to go with 4G in Phuket, what should you do?

Let me tell you a story. I was in Central last week, looking at the new iPad Mini LTE. It’s a gorgeous little tablet, with a Retina display – and it isn’t that expensive. (Well, yes, it’s a little expensive – 17,900 baht for the 16 GB cellular model – but you know what I mean.) Here’s the problem.

When I talked with the people at the Apple store, they told me that the new iPad Mini Cellular will work with TrueMove H’s 4G system. When I talked to the people right across the aisle, in the TrueMove shop, they told me that TrueMove’s 4G doesn’t yet work with the iPad.

Confusing? You bet. I went to the Apple web site, and found that the iPad Air model A1475 and the iPad Mini Retina A 1490 can both work with TrueMoveH (LTE at 2,100 MHz). There’s a chart at apple.com/ipad/LTE/. But when I went to the Apple ordering site for Thailand, none of the LTE iPad Air or iPad Mini machines are even listed: They’re all WiFi or 3G models (confusingly marked “WiFi + Cellular.”)

It isn’t clear if the iPad Mini Retina LTE is even available in Thailand. If I bought a Mini, would it include LTE support or not? I don’t know, and frankly I’m not willing to gamble 17,900 baht to find out.

Same problem with the iPhone 5c and iPhone 5s. Models A1529 and A1530 both work, theoretically, withTrueMove’s 4G. (See apple.com/iphone/LTE) but if you try to order one online from the Apple store, you won’t see an option to buy one. (NOTE: The iPhone 4 and 4S do NOT run 4G, anywhere in the world.)

The smartest thing to do right now? Wait. Both AIS and DTAC are rolling out 4G as fast as they can, starting in Bangkok. They may even have signals in Phuket by the time you read this. But the only way to be sure that you get a phone or tablet that matches the signal is to buy the phone or tablet from the phone company.

Certainly the 4G situation will improve soon. It has to – there’s an enormous amount of money to be made. But for now, don’t buy a “4G” phone or tablet or dongle thinking that you can just pop a TrueMove 4G SIM card into the beast and have it work at 4G speeds. Check with TrueMove (or AIS or DTAC, sooner or later) before you buy the hardware, and have them guarantee that their 4G network will work on what you buy.

Anything else could turn into a very expensive mistake.

Mr Live Wire’s running a handful of free Sunday-morning computer clinics, at a new venue – Baketastic in Kathu. (Location: opposite Krung Thai Bank, about 100 meters east of the gas station – head toward Lotus.) If you have a Windows problem that needs to be solved, or a question about internet service in Phuket, a tablet, phone, TV, or just about anything associated with computers, drop by. No experience necessary. It’s always free, as in beer. December 15 and 22, 10:00 to noon. Sponsored by the Phuket Gazette and Khun Add’s Baketastic.

— Live Wire

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Archiving articles from the Phuket Gazette circa 1998 - 2017. View the Phuket Gazette online archive and Digital Gazette PDF Prints.

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Business

500 people own 36% of equity in Thai companies

Greeley Pulitzer

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500 people own 36% of equity in Thai companies | The Thaiger

Roughly 36% of Thailand’s corporate equity is held by just 500 people, highlighting wealth inequality in the Kingdom, according to a study released by the Bank of Thailand’s research institute.

Each of these 500 amass some 3.1 billion baht (102 million USD) per year in company profits, according to the report from the Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research. In contrast, average yearly household income in Thailand is around 10,000 USD.

A report out this week from the Economic and Business Research Centre for Reform at Thailand’s Rangsit University also pointed to divisive and polarised politics being another root cause of the economic divide.

Thailand’s private sector is dominated by tycoons running sprawling conglomerates. According to the World Bank, the gap between the mega-wealthy and the rest of the Thai population of 69 million is among the many economic challenges for Thailand. According to Bloomberg, the perception of a divide, exacerbated by an economic slowdown, is a major political fault line.

“Magnates arise in Thailand from institutional factors that privilege certain businesses,” said the executive director of PIER, author of the study.

The institute said Thailand needs to promote competitiveness to reduce profits from monopoly power and bolster entrepreneurship to create a more equitable distribution of corporate wealth.

The research is based on analysis of 2017 Commerce Ministry data on the 2.1 million shareholders in Thai firms, and was funded by the University of California San Diego.

SOURCE: Bangkok Post

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Thai Life

Thais go bananas over freak plants in pursuit of lottery numbers

The Thaiger

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Thais go bananas over freak plants in pursuit of lottery numbers | The Thaiger

PHOTOS: Daily News

The answers are in the banana leaves.

Thai people LOVE playing the lottery (and gambling generally). In fact they’re BANANAS about the twice-monthly lottery (it was drawn again today). Daily News has reported about two unusual banana trees growing in front of a shop in Klong 4 Pathum Thani, just north of Bangkok. The trees did not have blossom and on one plant two bananas were pointing skywards. On another there was a whole bunch pointing up into the sky.

There was a steady stream of the faithful lighting incense, praying and rubbing powder on the trees to get lottery numbers. One group thought ‘542’ was the magic numbers and a path to riches (we’re not sure how they came to this conclusion). 53 year old Surachai says the trees had been growing for a few months and that he’d never seen anything like it before.

An unnamed agricultural expert suggested that there was probably something wrong with the banana plants. Trees and malformed animals are a favourite source of inspiration to select numbers for the lottery, as are numbers of houses and vehicles involved in events where people experience “miracle” escapes from danger, or even bizarre accidents.

SOURCE: Daily News

Thais go bananas over freak plants in pursuit of lottery numbers | News by The Thaiger Thais go bananas over freak plants in pursuit of lottery numbers | News by The Thaiger

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Entertainment

The K-pop Olympics: performers battle in the K-pop festival

The Thaiger

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The K-pop Olympics: performers battle in the K-pop festival | The Thaiger

On the streets, in parks and garages, seven Cuban youngsters spent seven months practising K-pop moves to secure a spot on their dream stage: an appearance in South Korea to imitate their idols. 13 final teams from 80 countries are competing in the 2019 event.

At the grandly titled and government-funded Changwon K-pop World Festival contestants from around the globe perform imitation dances or sing cover versions of the genre’s biggest hits, with thousands of fans cheering them on.

In terms of global heft, South Korea is overshadowed by its much larger neighbours China and Japan, but the event is a way for Seoul to derive soft power from one of the country’s biggest cultural exports. In terms of pop-power, South Korea’s K-Pop is now a recognised world-wide music phenomenon with bands like BTS and Blackpink figuring amongst the other big-hitters on the Billboard charts and outselling their western counterparts with millions of albums and downloads.

The K-pop Olympics: performers battle in the K-pop festival | News by The Thaiger

Finalists for this year

Cuba’s Communist government is one of North Korea’s few remaining allies: when President Miguel Diaz-Canel, successor to the Castro brothers Fidel and Raul, visited Pyongyang last November he was only the third foreign head of state to do so since leader Kim Jong Un inherited power in 2011.

But rather than geopolitics, Havana performer Karel Rodriguez Diaz – whose mannerisms and sleek hairstyle could easily be mistaken for those of a K-pop star – is more motivated by high-tempo beats and superslick dance moves.

“We never had a place with a mirror or a choreographer who could teach us the steps” but they kept on practising, he said.

His team-mate Elio Gonzalez added: “We are so excited to represent not just Cuba but also the whole of Latin America.”

Some 6,400 teams from more than 80 countries entered the competition, according to organisers, with 13 groups from places as diverse as Kuwait and Madagascar winning through to the final in Changwon, where they appeared on stage waving their national flags.

“This is like watching the Olympics, a K-pop Olympics,” said the event’s host Lia, a member of K-pop group ITZY.

The K-pop Olympics: performers battle in the K-pop festival | News by The Thaiger

The Korean Wave

K-pop – along with K-drama soap operas – has been one of South Korea’s most successful cultural exports to date. A key part of the “Korean Wave” which has swept Asia and beyond in the last 20 years, the K-pop industry is now estimated to be worth $5 billion, with boyband BTS its latest high-profile exponent, becoming the world’s most successful band in the past 12 months, selling out stadium concerts within minutes, around the world.

The South Korean government has financed a variety of K-pop themed events in what CedarBough Saeji, a visiting professor at Indiana University Bloomington in the US, said was a form of long-term “soft power diplomacy”.

“When you are covering you get to ‘become’ those idols for the three and a half minutes of the song,” she said, adding that performers will go so far as matching their clothing, accessories and hairstyle to their heroes and heroines.

“The cover dancers of today will be diplomats, news reporters, and business leaders in forty years,” she went on.

“And hopefully they’ll still have a soft spot in their heart for Korea. Korea can’t win the world through hard power – armies, economic bullying – but with soft power even a small country like Korea has a chance.”

The music also provides an artistic alternative for overseas fans, especially those in developing countries, Saeji added.

“The West, especially the United States, has been so dominant culturally for so long, and having a different cultural pole to look to provides hope that one’s own country can experience similar success in the future.”

The K-pop Olympics: performers battle in the K-pop festival | News by The Thaiger

Be who you want

Beneath its glitz and glamour, the K-pop industry is also known for its cutthroat competition, a lack of privacy, online bullying and relentless public pressure to maintain a wholesome image at all times and at any cost.

Sulli, a popular K-pop star and former child actress who had long been the target of abusive online comments was found dead on Monday, with her death sending shockwaves through fans around the world.

“I think a day where (people) would be ashamed of the K-show business will surely come,” a South Korean online user wrote in the wake of the star’s death.

“I think an industry that makes money by (making people) sing, dance, undergo plastic surgeries and go on a diet to please the gaze of others since they are teenagers should really go bankcrupt.”

But for Kenny Pham, a finalist from the US at last week’s contest, K-pop’s diversity – with some tunes having dark themes, while others were “cute” or sensual – is what gives him a sense of liberation.

“I like how expressive you could be,” the 19 year old told AFP last week.

“I feel like it’s a place where you could show the passion you have for music, dance or fashion. No one is bashing you for what your likes are.”

SOURCE: Agence France-Presse

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