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El Salvador: first country worldwide to make bitcoin legal tender

Neill Fronde

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PHOTO: El Salvador adopts bitcoin as legal tender, a world's first. (via dw.com)

Cryptocurrency has been making inroads at gaining more and more mainstream acceptance, but this week marked a new major milestone. El Salvador just became the first country worldwide to accept bitcoin as legal tender, on Monday purchasing 400 bitcoins at a price of US $21 million. The announcement caused such a swell of interest, the country’s cyber wallet system was frozen on the first day of the launch.

El Salvador has been using the US dollar as their primary currency for the last 20 years, but now bitcoin will be accepted as payment for any services or goods throughout the country. A cyber wallet called Chivo will facilitate the spending and buying of bitcoin and 200 ATMs countrywide will cater to cash withdrawals for bitcoin accounts.

Servers have already had to be upgraded due to demand with the Chivo Wallet app going offline, and some say the move to accept bitcoin will allow many of the 6.6 million people in El Salvador access to bank services for the first time in a country where over US $5.9 billion – 20% of the GDP – is spent on remittances.

Still, the move has been met with blowback from protesters who fear the cryptocurrency’s volatility may devastate the already struggling economy that has shrunk nearly 8% over the course of the Covid-19 pandemic. The majority of people in the country said they would stick to US dollars and not switch over to bitcoin in a recent poll. President Nayib Bukele offered $30 to every El Salvadoran who converts to bitcoin.

El Salvador has earmarked US $200 million to keep liquidity in the ability to convert bitcoin to cash, as many fear the lack of legal protection regarding bitcoin and the infamous volatility of the cryptocurrency that briefly topped $50,000 yesterday after a drop from its $63,000 peak in April.

Long before the adoption of bitcoin, an anonymous donor jumpstarted crypto usage in El Salvador, with the El Zonte Bitcoin Beach project converting a coastal town to a crypto economy with the country’s first bitcoin ATM. The director of that plan said that it has been transformative, with people who never had bank accounts or any way to move money online now being able to send money to family across the country. He says it encourages people to build up savings for the first time.

El Salvador plans to keep pricing, salaries and accounting in US dollars, and the Chivo app will convert bitcoin to dollars for those who prefer it.

SOURCE: Bangkok Post

 

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Neill is a journalist from the United States with 10 years broadcasting experience and national news and magazine publications. He graduated with a degree in journalism and communications from the University of California and has been living in Thailand since 2014.

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