Connect with us

Thai Life

King Chulalongkorn Day

Published

 on 

October 23 is a national holiday in Thailand as it marks “King Chulalongkorn Day”, known in Thai as “Wan Piyamaharaj Day”. He remains highly revered in Thailand and his portrait can often be seen, alongside the current King Rama X, in homes, shops and halls around the Kingdom.

The day commemorates the passing of King Chulalongkorn, otherwise known as King Rama V. King Chulalongkorn led several major reforms in Thailand, for example in the areas of Thai educational system, military affairs, State Railway and the Slave Liberation Act, without bloodshed in Thailand.

King Chulalongkorn is the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri. He is the son of King Mongkut and the great grandfather of the current King of Thailand, His Majesty the King Maha Vajiralongkorn. He came to be known in the west as the young prince in the Hollywood musical “The King and I”, which portrays the story of an English teacher in the court of King Mongkut.

He was born on September 20, 1853.

Before his coronation, King Chulalongkorn studied various branches of arts and sciences such as Royal Tradition, Public Administration, Archaeology, Pali, English, Military Science Wrestling, Weapon Using, and Engi neering. He visited Singapore and Java twice and India once. He travelled to observe the political systems and administration of the European colonists who came to govern many regions in South East Asia. He brought back knowledge and technology to apply in the governing of Thailand. Royal traditions such as uniforms, haircuts and audiences with the king were adapted to a western style.

He was ordained as Buddhist monk for a short time during September 15 to October 11, 1873 and then was coronated officially on October 16, 1873 to announce absolute kingship to the people of Siam and the world.

King Chulalongkorn is considered one of the greatest kings of Thailand. His reign from 1868 to 1910 was characterised by extensive social and economic development, including the abolition of slavery and state labor service. He is also famed for his ardent Thai nationalism, and for his skill in fending off the threat of European colonialism, despite the fact that large tracts of Siam were ceded to the Europeans during the period.

King Chulalongkorn managed to prevent Thailand from being colonised by extending friendship and travelling extensively to western countries like America, Great Britain, France and Russia. Because of this, Thailand remains as the only country in South-east Asia to have never been colonised.

Besides that, King Chulalongkorn was the first Thai King to send the Royal Princes to be educated in Europe. Throughout Chulalongkorn’s reign, outspoken writers could have their works published for the first time. Works that were previously banned were allowed to be read by the public once again.

King Chulalongkorn was perhaps best known for his abolition of slavery. In 1900 the Employment Act stated that all workers should be paid. The most important royal contribution was the announcement of Slave Abolition Act. Slave Abolition made him the Beloved Great King of all people of Siam.

King Chulalongkorn Day | News by Thaiger

 

Get more from The Thaiger

Join the conversation and have your say on Thailand news published on The Thaiger.

Thaiger Talk is our new Thaiger Community where you can join the discussion on everything happening in Thailand right now.

Please note that articles are not posted to the forum instantly and can take up to 20 min before being visible. Click for more information and the Thaiger Talk Guidelines.

If you have story ideas, a restaurant to review, an event to cover or an issue to discuss, contact The Thaiger editorial staff.

Follow Thaiger by email:

Coronavirus (Covid-19)16 mins ago

Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla diagnosed with an unfortunate infection

Myanmar42 mins ago

Aung San Suu Kyi receives additional 6-year prison sentence

Thailand15 hours ago

Thailand News Today | Opposition to extending nightlife to 4am

Sponsored22 mins ago

Super luxury villas in Phuket with breathtaking ocean views

Crime15 hours ago

Police officer who shot noodle vender sentenced to 25 years

Road deaths15 hours ago

Truck overturns in NE Thailand, driver dies, losing 1.5 million baht of beer

Transport15 hours ago

Thailand Transport Ministry seeks foreign loans for new bridges

Join the conversation on the Thaiger Talk forums today!
Central Thailand16 hours ago

Elephant calf stamped to death in central Thailand

Chon Buri16 hours ago

Mountain B Pub’s real owner surrenders while police guard venue

Road deaths16 hours ago

Motorcycle rider killed in multi-vehicle pile-up near Bangkok

Crime16 hours ago

Hong Kong man goes to Thailand to meet ‘lover,’ gets trafficked to Myanmar

Thailand17 hours ago

A monk dies in yet another day of Buddhist shame in Thailand

Economy17 hours ago

Electricity prices soar 18% to 4.72 baht per unit next month

Best of17 hours ago

Top 5 Boarding Schools in Thailand (2022)

Crime17 hours ago

Four national park officials indicted over Karen activist’s murder in western Thailand

Thailand18 hours ago

100 Consecutive Days of food handouts to the homeless of Bangkok

Thailand11 months ago

Morning Top Stories Thailand | Police to end protests, Human Trafficking | September 14

Thailand1 year ago

Thailand News Today | Thai Airways in rehab, All go for Songkran | March 4

Tourism1 year ago

Phuket’s nightlife. Yes, bars and clubs are still open | VIDEO

Phuket1 year ago

Thailand News Today | Covid passport talks, Thai Airways heads to court | March 2

Tourism1 year ago

Phuket Thai food treats you need to try | VIDEO

Thailand1 year ago

Thailand News Today | Bars, pubs and restaurants ‘sort of’ back to normal | Feb 23

Tourism1 year ago

In search of Cat & Dog Cafés in Phuket Town | VIDEO

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Gambling crackdown, Seafood market to reopen, Vlogger challenge | Jan 21

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Covid testing for visas, Business impact, Vaccine approval | January 19

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Weekend Bangkok bombs, Thailand fires, Covid update | January 18

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Stray car on runway, Indonesian quake, 300 baht tourist fee | January 15

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Governor off respirator, sex-trafficking arrest, condo prices falling | January 14

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Chinese vaccine, Thailand ‘drug hub’, Covid update | January 13

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Bangkok may ease restrictions, Phuket bar curfew, Vaccine roll out | January 12

Thailand2 years ago

Thailand News Today | Covid latest, Cockfights closed down, Bryde’s Whale beached | January 11

Trending