Sri Lanka poised to default on its international debt

Skyrocketing inflation, political unrest and looming debt default. Another country’s economy is now failing in what’s likely to be a year or two of falling dominoes for at-risk economies.

A month of increasingly desperate headlines has culminated in two leading ratings agencies warning Sri Lanka is about to default on its national debt, a crisis that would take decades to resolve for the small nation off the south east coast of India.

S&P Global Ratings says that a default is now a “virtual certainty”. Fitch Ratings has lowered its assessment claiming “a sovereign default process has begun”.

For their part the government says that it will “temporarily default on its foreign debts as it faces its worst economic crisis in more than 70 years”.

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In 2 days time, Sri Lanka is due to make US$78 million interest payments on its international sovereign bonds.

If the payment is not made within 30 days, considered a grace period, it would mark Sri Lanka’s first default on its foreign debt since independence from the UK in 1948.

Locally, things have become desperate. After months of mass protests over major power cuts, the soaring cost of food, fuel prices that rise daily, officials are now urging Sri Lankans working overseas to send money back to Sri Lanka.

The country’s new central bank governor has even appealed for donations in sterling, USD and euros last week.

Sri Lanka’s economy has been in free-fall since the start of the Covid pandemic. In 2018 the country’s dependence on tourism sat at 6.4% of Sri Lanka’s GDP. That revenue stream vanished almost totally over the past 2 years.

Sri Lanka is also facing a foreign exchange shortage, which has, incidentally, affected its capacity to import food and fuel, leading to the power cuts in the country. The shortage of essential goods forced Sri Lanka to seek assistance from friendly countries.

Sri Lanka will kick off talks with the International Monetary Fund next week on a loan program (well a bail out) to try and get its flailing economy back on track.

The country’s central bank steeply devalued its currency last month ahead of the talks with the IMF.

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Tim Newton

Tim joined The Thaiger as one of its first employees in 2018 as an English news writer/editor and then began to present The Thaiger's Daily news show in 2020, Thailand News Today (or TNT for short). He has lived in Thailand since 2011, having relocated from Australia.

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