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Myanmar summit Saturday tests ASEAN’s effectiveness

Neill Fronde

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PHOTO: All eyes are on the ASEAN summit on Myanmar Saturday.

Leaders from the 10 countries of ASEAN will meet Saturday at a summit to discuss the crisis in Myanmar in what many see as a credibility test for the organisation. As the military junta in Myanmar have ramped up violence and lethal force against pro-democracy protestors, the country is descending into what the UN high commissioner for human rights referred to as a Syrian-style civil war.

With at least 739 fatalities at the hand of the Burmese military security forces since their coup on February 1, a UN envoy estimated about 250,000 people are displaced in the country.

The world is watching now, with heavy stress on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to deliver some solutions or at least progress on the Burmese quagmire. Expectations are high with pressure on this summit to prove that ASEAN is a stable and credible diplomatic organisation, capable of resolving conflict in Southeast Asia and affecting change. ASEAN usually maintains a laissez-faire stance on their member countries’ internal conflicts and controversies, but this crisis may spurn the organisation to action.

Countries around the world have condemned Myanmar’s military coup and called for action and sanctions. The US Treasury department just declared pearl and timber exports will be sanctioned, stating that these natural resources are state-owned and helping fund the Burmese military.

Some have pushed for Myanmar to be removed from ASEAN altogether. Activists and human rights organisations have demanded leaders of the military junta be barred from participating in Saturday’s summit in Jakarta. But Min Aung Hlaing, the military chief who led the coup, say he will travel to Jakarta this weekend to attend the summit of ASEAN, his first international trip since helming the military junta. The UN’s special envoy to Myanmar will also travel from Bangkok to participate in the summit.

Whether or not the Burmese military chief will end up actually going to the meeting, or will instead appear virtually online, is still hotly debated.

The ASEAN meeting will have 2 noticeable absences so far (perhaps 3). The Burmese shadow government made up of the original democratically elected government and its appointees had petitioned for representation at this ASEAN summit, a request that so far has not been accepted. And Thai PM Prayut Chan-o-cha has also decided to skip the summit, stirring some controversy by sending his veteran Foreign Minister Don Pramudwinai as a stand-in. Some see this as a shirking of international responsibility as the coup and crisis in neighbouring Myanmar may stir the international public’s memory of Thailand’s recent coup and military leadership, as well as create the perception of being aligned with Burmese coup quasi-supporters China and Russia.

A Thai Foreign Ministry spokesman asserted that PM Prayut’s ASEAN summit absence is not political, but rather a necessity as Covid-19 has been rampaging throughout Thailand and the current third wave outbreaks require his immediate attention.

PM Prayut did speak with Indonesian president Joko Widodo this morning about the upcoming meeting. He conceded that the Burmese crisis threatens stability in Southeast Asia and is a challenge for peace amongst ASEAN countries.

SOURE: Macau Business

 

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10 Comments

10 Comments

  1. Avatar

    David Pilkington

    Thursday, April 22, 2021 at 8:42 pm

    ‘A Thai Foreign Ministry spokesman asserted that PM Prayut’s ASEAN summit absence is not political, but rather a necessity as Covid-19 has been rampaging throughout Thailand and the current third wave outbreaks require his immediate attention.’

    If proof were needed that Prayut, or his spokesman at least, can lie as easily as drawing breath, then look no further. And, as for ‘the 3rd wave outbreaks requiring his immediate attention’, this has to join the list of several ridiculous statements emanating from this circus of a government this week.

  2. Avatar

    toby andrews

    Thursday, April 22, 2021 at 9:09 pm

    A meeting of dictators.
    They will be debating whether it is cheaper to put down the peasants with tear gas or rubber bullets.
    What country in the ASEAN Club is truly democratic?

  3. Avatar

    Slugger

    Thursday, April 22, 2021 at 9:11 pm

    ‘The US Treasury department just declared pearl and timber exports will be sanctioned,’

    God, they cant keep their beak out can they?

  4. Avatar

    Comicus

    Thursday, April 22, 2021 at 10:48 pm

    This meeting is going to be a good show by ASEAN. They probably politely expressed their concern and may imply that the situation would be better without foreign interferences.

    They shall also express their concern to the Myanmar government and they shall consider an appropriate action once they got a response. In the mean time, they would ask other countries to respect the will of ASEAN.

    Of course, they would have a big banquet after a long and hard day of meeting.

  5. Avatar

    Singharacha

    Friday, April 23, 2021 at 1:06 am

    @toby andrews –
    Countries of ASEAN, without exceptions, are not dictatorship.
    But USA are one.

  6. Avatar

    Niko

    Friday, April 23, 2021 at 1:32 am

    The “shadow government” is headed by a guy called “Doctor” SASA and his role model is no other than GUAIDO! No joke he actually said that!

    So now we we are on the 3rd install of the GUAIDO style governance! First venezuela, then bielorussia and now Myanamar!

  7. Avatar

    Comicus

    Friday, April 23, 2021 at 5:24 am

    @slugger

    The West only covers 20% of the world population so it will not be any problems for Myanmar or many other countries that want to ignore US sanctions. They can trade with 65% of the world population without getting sweat using (digital) RMB or Ruble.

  8. Avatar

    richard abramson

    Friday, April 23, 2021 at 8:29 am

    Well written and informative article. Let’s hope the leaders of ASEAN realize that by supporting human rights, they are also supporting the economies of the country’s they lead..

  9. Avatar

    Craig

    Friday, April 23, 2021 at 8:36 am

    Every country in SE Asia could, would or has done the same thing as the Myanmar military. I’m not sure why ASEAN makes this an issue unless to appeal to the international community.

    • Thaiger

      Thaiger

      Friday, April 23, 2021 at 8:41 am

      Shoot dead 700 civilians in 2 months? Mmmm, no. Not a lot of SE Asian countries have done that.

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Neill is a journalist from the United States with 10 years broadcasting experience and national news and magazine publications. He graduated with a degree in journalism and communications from the University of California and has been living in Thailand since 2014.

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