Connect with us

Thai Life

Phuket History: Ancient air-con

Legacy Phuket Gazette

Published

 on 

PHUKET: Historic architecture is fascinating. Architecture surviving from a particular time in history can tell us a lot about that period.

For example, the cultural influences of the period, the way people lived, their religious beliefs and a lot more.

One of the most interesting aspects of historical architecture is the clever designs and features that are purposely built into the buildings to solve peoples’ everyday problems. Some of these ingeniously simple techniques were commonly used and incorporated into buildings throughout history.

Yet in today’s modern world, they have become obsolete and forgotten with the advent of modern day power and electricity.

Sino-Portuguese architecture is a common and beautiful sight in old Phuket Town.

These unique buildings blend European architecture with distinctive Chinese features, reflecting Phuket Town’s past as a regional center for tin trade and cross cultural blending.

This type of architecture can be seen in many of the buildings in Phuket Town, from the rows of old shop-houses on Thalang and Dibuk roads, to large mansions that once belonged to the wealthiest tin families on the island.

They have a lot of distinctive and curious features rarely seen elsewhere. Many of these features were incorporated into the buildings for different reasons.

In some cases it was seen as good Feng Shui. In some cases it was due to superstition. But one often incorporated feature of many old Sino-Portuguese buildings, the water pond in the middle of the building, actually served an important purpose. It was used to cool the entire building.

Phuket is a tropical island and it is hot and humid throughout the year. Nowadays if the weather gets too hot, we simply switch on a fan or an air-conditioning unit. But in the past, people had to take a different approach to cooling.

A typical Sino-Portuguese shop-house building in Phuket Town is not very wide, but incredibly long.

Some of them are 25 meters long, and some go as far back as 50 meters. Often when one walks to the middle of the building, there will be a large rectangular opening in ceiling. Directly beneath the opening, there will be a pond.

Residents back then would have filled it with water, fish and aquatic plants. The opening in the ceiling would allow rain to fall directly onto the pond, filling it occasionally, whilst also allowing the sun to shine through and fresh air to ventilate the entire building. It must have been a nice spot to sit and socialize with friends and family.

But the sky view and indoor pool does more to cool the building than just allowing air circulation. When the buildings heat up in the hot tropical sun, the water evaporates directly from the pond. Water vapor leaves the building through the sky opening. When it does it brings down the temperature within the entire building.

Because of this cooling system, the temperature within the buildings was well regulated and far lower than the outside temperature.

It was a simple and low-cost cooling system, yet it must have been quite effective judging from the number of Sino-Portuguese buildings and mansions that adopted it.

In theory it seemed to work, but in practice it may have worked wonders. The pond and open ceiling system have been used in many cultures to deal with excessive heat throughout history, in all sorts of buildings.

The Rajasthanis for example have been living in the desert climate of north-western India for thousands of years. They are renowned builders and many of their buildings feature a similar water cooling system.

Recently, Manit Rastogi, an award-winning architect, has taken a page out of the history books and incorporated this cooling technique in his design of the Pearl Academy of Fashion, located in the blisteringly hot capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur.

The Pearl Academy is a new building but it has the same pool-under-the-open-sky feature built into the middle of the structure. The pool is built into the ground and is around 4 meters deep. It is enough to create a micro-climate within the building.

On a typically hot day, the Pearl Academy building is 20 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than the outside temperature. It does so without the use of air-conditioning or electricity whatsoever.

In today’s modern world most of the solutions to our problems require us to use energy. As a result our demand for energy has become insatiable. Perhaps for a change, we could look back at what our ancestors did when faced with similar problems.

Many issues are not new or exclusive to our generation. We just got used to dealing with them in a different, more energy intensive way. Perhaps in this age when we so desperately need to cut down on our energy consumption, it is time to bring back some of those “obsolete” methods that have been used throughout history.

— Anand Singh

 

Get more from The Thaiger

📱 Download our app on Android or iOS
👋 Have your say on our Thailand forums
🔔 Subscribe to our daily email newsletter
📺 Subscribe / Join YouTube for daily shows
👍 Like/Follow us on Facebook
🐦 FOLLOW us on Twitter
📷 FOLLOW us on Instagram

image

Join the conversation and have your say on Thailand news published on The Thaiger.

Thaiger Talk is our new Thaiger Community where you can join the discussion on everything happening in Thailand right now.

Please note that articles are not posted to the forum instantly and can take up to 20 min before being visible. Click for more information and the Thaiger Talk Guidelines.

Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Archiving articles from the Phuket Gazette circa 1998 - 2017. View the Phuket Gazette online archive and Digital Gazette PDF Prints.

Follow Thaiger by email:

Insurgency31 mins ago

Volunteer ranger killed in grenade attack by suspected insurgents

Best of46 mins ago

Top 5 Spas in Koh Samui

Thailand54 mins ago

Hemp ice cream hits the Thai market

Welcome back to Thailand!

Thaiger is getting behind local businesses for the restart of tourism in Thailand - up to 50% discounts across all advertising packages!

Chon Buri1 hour ago

Chon Buri sets local order, restaurants in malls to only offer food for delivery

Thailand1 hour ago

Samut Prakan man dies in fire, possibly self-inflicted

Thailand2 hours ago

Royal Thai Police say bitterleaf can’t cure Covid

image
Join the conversation on the Thaiger Talk forums today!
Coronavirus (Covid-19)3 hours ago

Tuesday Covid Update: 18,901 new cases, provincial totals

Thailand3 hours ago

Air Asia technician arrested for allegedly stealing electronics

Pattaya3 hours ago

“Pattaya Move On” reopening likely to be postponed as Covid cases surge

Thailand4 hours ago

3 metre long python caught near family’s house in Phuket

Thailand5 hours ago

Government says not to buy Favipiravir/Avigan online, says it might be fake

Phuket5 hours ago

Phuket bans alcohol sales at restaurants, issues order amid rise of Covid cases

Best of5 hours ago

Top 5 Mexican restaurants in Pattaya

Thailand6 hours ago

Good Morning Thailand | New restrictions, new Red Line train in Bangkok, Covid latest

Thailand6 hours ago

Ministry of Public Health says Pfizer vaccine will be allocated correctly, others disagree

Thailand5 months ago

Thailand News Today | Thai Airways in rehab, All go for Songkran | March 4

Tourism5 months ago

Phuket’s nightlife. Yes, bars and clubs are still open | VIDEO

Phuket5 months ago

Thailand News Today | Covid passport talks, Thai Airways heads to court | March 2

Tourism5 months ago

Phuket Thai food treats you need to try | VIDEO

Thailand5 months ago

Thailand News Today | Bars, pubs and restaurants ‘sort of’ back to normal | Feb 23

Tourism5 months ago

In search of Cat & Dog Cafés in Phuket Town | VIDEO

Thailand6 months ago

Thailand News Today | Gambling crackdown, Seafood market to reopen, Vlogger challenge | Jan 21

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Covid testing for visas, Business impact, Vaccine approval | January 19

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Weekend Bangkok bombs, Thailand fires, Covid update | January 18

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Stray car on runway, Indonesian quake, 300 baht tourist fee | January 15

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Governor off respirator, sex-trafficking arrest, condo prices falling | January 14

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Chinese vaccine, Thailand ‘drug hub’, Covid update | January 13

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Bangkok may ease restrictions, Phuket bar curfew, Vaccine roll out | January 12

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Covid latest, Cockfights closed down, Bryde’s Whale beached | January 11

Thailand7 months ago

Thailand News Today | Southern floods, Face mask fines, Thai Air Asia woes | January 8

Trending