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Burma or Myanmar? Myanmarese or Burmese?

Tanutam Thawan

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We refer to Myanmar a lot in our news because it’s a bordering foreign country to Thailand and many people from Myanmar work in and around Thailand.

But is it Myanmar or Burma, and are the people that live there Myanmarese or Burmese?

As you’ll read across the media there is no precise answer to the question with foreign powers still referring to the country with its two names although, officially, since 1989, the ruling party changed the country’s name to Myanmar. But even in Myanmar locals continue to use both names.

“The ruling military junta changed its name from Burma to Myanmar in 1989, a year after thousands were killed in the suppression of a popular uprising. Rangoon also became Yangon.”

At The Thaiger we’ve decided to refer to the country as ‘Myanmar’ and the people as ‘Burmese’. Reading ‘a man from Myanmar’ is a lot more cumbersome than ‘a Burmese man’. But for the country we’re following the trend of most regional media using the official name Myanmar. Even the people living there continue to refer to themselves as Burmese.

Other publications have taken different decisions and that’s fine too. Here’s some information from The Culture Trip which provides a bit of background as to why our neighbouring country to the west lives on with two names and plenty of confusion.

Inside Asia Tours also has their own take on the name situation.

 

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1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Avatar

    Tun TunOo

    Wednesday, May 27, 2020 at 2:55 pm

    The official name of our country is Myanmar. Burma is the name which was called by British colonialists. It is clear. Then, people of the country should be called Myanmarnese or Myanmar citizens, I think. In Myanmar, there are 135 national ethnic groups such as Kachin , Kayah ,Karin, Chin,Mon, Bamar, Rakhine , Shan etc. So, Bamar is one of national groups in Myanmar and it does not mean the all Myanmar people. Myanmarnese is right,I would like to say.

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