Amnesty International has accused the manufacturers of Covid-19 vaccines of putting profits before lives and called on wealthy governments to distribute 2 billion doses to poorer nations. According to an AFP report, Amnesty boss Agnes Callamard says that US President Joe Biden is expected to use the UN General Assembly to confirm a pledge to fully vaccinate 70% of the world by September 22. She is calling on him to show his commitment by donating excess vaccine doses. “We need leaders like President Biden to put billions of doses on the table and deliver the goods, otherwise this is just […]
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Another "interesting" report by Jack Arthur, which leaves it unclear if children can definitely go back to school if unvaccinated, but fortunately the source (the Pattaya Mail) is very clear and leaves no room for any doubt (their bold):
" Meanwhile, government spokeswoman Traisulee Traisoranakul said yesterday that Pfizer injections among children aged 12-17 years old are voluntary under their parents’ decisions and considerations. They will not be forced to get shots before going to school by this November.
She stated: “To assist with decision-making, information about vaccines will be provided. Pros and cons will be clarified to both parents and students before filling out the consent whether they agree to be vaccinated before going to school.”
“Once vaccinated, the student’s information will be stored in the database of the Ministry of Public Health to continuously monitor the symptoms after the injection. Students who aren’t injected, however, will be welcome to attend school in person and we will not mandate vaccinations as a requirement to go back to school.” Traisulee stated."
This seems to be a major change from what was at least reported before, that allowing children to go back to school would be conditional on their being vaccinated.
Now i've finished on the vaccine forum (just a bit of early morning breakfast) .
Time to get back to wine making. Everyone has there own methods when doing fermentations, this is mine.
1st i do all my fermenting now in 1X 12L bottle from start to finish before i rack/ transfer it into my 8L storage bottle.Reasons i do this: 1: I find racking/transfering at 1.010 to 1.030 can interfere with the fermentation even stopping or stuck fermentations at times. 2: Most of my wines are now from carton juices so they don't create a lot of lees/sediment so leaving the wine on the lees which is mostly dead yeast cells won't really affect the finished wine that much if any. So my wines now finish fermenting completely then i rack/tranfer them to clear.
1st photo is my 8L storage bottle : 2nd is the cleaner i use which is a much cheaper alternative to starsan,pbw,stellersan,ect ect. 3rd is my 12L fermenting bottle completely clear,i make 8.5L of must then when finished that will give me my full 8L of wine (due to wastage during racking).
I do use an air lock after 3 days during fermentation,i don't worry about the head space.
Lol - I thought it was the first Ptolemy, former general of Alexander and first Greek Pharaoh of Egypt (who founded the Ptolemaic Dynasty, which was also the last dynasty of Ancient Egypt. (The Ptolemaic Dynasty ended with the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC. She was the last of the Ptolemaic descendants.)
I remember when reading the Histories of Herodotus, he thought the Sahara desert marked the end of the world (as surely nothing could live there, or beyond there).
(I had to laugh, Herodotus also noted that "baldness" wasn't as common among Egyptian males as it was among the Greeks. He attributed it to the Egyptian practise of shaving the heads of their children until they became adults.)
The Ptolemy who made the map above wasn't related to the Egyptian Ptolmeys. He did live in Egypt though, from around 100-170 AD.
It seems many consider him to the be the "father" of modern geography. (Note "modern" as it seems the Greeks, and others, had been making maps on other mediums (clay, wood, stone and bronze for example).
Quite interesting, Ptolemy studied in the fabled Library of Alexandria, though it was supposedly in decline from neglect, warfare and looting.
Also interesting, it seems that he drew on the works of Eratosthenes, who lived between 276-194 BC and was the chief Librarian of the Library of Alexander for a time.
Eratosthenes was a mathematician and geographer (amongst other things) and during his time, he determined that the Earth was a globe and had a circumference of between 37-46,000 kms (though in his day they used "stades" as a unit of measurement and he calculated the circumference to be 250,000 stades).
Remarkably, the actual circumference of the Earth is just over 40,000 kms so he wasn't that far off considering his only tech consisted of a sun dial.
I guess Eratosthenes would be the "grandfather" of modern geography.
(Note that as far back as 500 BC, the Greeks were pretty sure the Earth was a globe. However, in Homer's time (about a hundred years earlier), he thought the Earth was a circular, flat disc surrounded by water.)